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Abandoned Sign. Any sign that advertises a business, lessor, owner, product, service, or activity that is no longer located on the premises where the sign is displayed.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Abandonment, Nonconforming Use or Structure. All right to continue a nonconforming use is abandoned when the property owner (a) intends to abandon its right to continue the nonconforming use or structure, and (b) there is an overt act, or failure to act, on the part of the property owner which implies that the owner no longer claims or retains any interest in the right to continue the nonconforming use or structure.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Abut. To physically touch or border upon, or to share a common property line, but not overlap.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Access. Ingress and egress to and from premises, including ingress and egress to and from a public way and general road system.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Access Corridor. A vehicle circulation area in private ownership, including easements, tracts and driveways in a common ownership, over which access is afforded to more than one lot or residence. Where a driveway is shared and serves garages or accessory buildings, and the lots and principal buildings front upon another street or an access corridor, the shared driveway shall not be defined as an access corridor. In this case, the side street setbacks do not apply. An access corridor shall not serve more than 10 single-family lots. (Ord. 2803)

Effective on: 10/17/2015

Access, Primary. The principal ways or means of approach to provide most frequent vehicular or pedestrian access to a property.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Accessory Dwelling Unit. An accessory dwelling unit (hereinafter referred to as “ADU”) is a habitable living unit that provides basic requirements for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation. An ADU is accessory to the primary unit on a lot and may be added to, created within, or detached from the primary single-family dwelling unit.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Accessory Structure. A detached, subordinate structure, the use of which is clearly incidental and related to that of the principal structure or use of the land, and which is located on the same lot as that of the principal structure.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Accessory Use. A use customarily incidental to and on the same lot as the principal use of a building or operation and so necessary or commonly to be expected that it cannot be supposed that it was intended to be prohibited.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adaptive Management. The modification of management practices to address changing conditions and new knowledge. Adaptive management is an approach that incorporates monitoring and research to allow projects and activities, including projects designed to produce environmental benefits, to go forward in the face of some uncertainty regarding consequences. The key provision of adaptive management is the responsibility to change adaptively in response to new understanding or information after an action is initiated. (SMP)

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Administrative Services. The provision of services, such as financial planning, record keeping, personnel employment, logistics, strategic and organizational planning, support staffing, employment agencies, collection agencies, document preparation, telephone answering, telemarketing, court reporting, and steno typing. This definition also includes corporate headquarters and regional offices.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Administrator. Unless otherwise specified, the Administrator shall be the Director of Planning and Community Development or his/her designated representative.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adult Arcade. A commercial establishment containing individual viewing areas or booths, where for any form of consideration, including a membership fee, one or more still or motion picture projectors, slide projectors, or other similar image- producing machines are used to show films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides, or other visual representations that are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any specified sexual activities or any specified anatomical areas.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adult Cabaret. A nightclub, bar, restaurant, tavern, or other similar commercial establishment, whether or not alcoholic beverages are served, that regularly features:

1. Persons who appear semi-nude or nude; or 

2. Live performances which are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any specified anatomical areas or specified sexual activities.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adult Drive-In Theater. A drive-in theater used for presenting motion picture films, video cassettes, cable television, or any other such visual media distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matters depicting, describing or simulating any specified sexual activities or any specified anatomical areas. (The term “drive-in theater” as used in the Redmond Zoning Code is distinct from and is not intended to include the term “adult drive-in theater.”)

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adult Entertainment Facility. A commercial establishment defined herein as an adult arcade, adult cabaret, adult drive-in theater, adult motel, adult motion picture theater, adult retail store, adult sauna parlor, escort agency, nude or semi-nude model studio, or other adult entertainment facility.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adult Family Home. The regular family abode of a person or persons who are providing personal care, room, and board under a license issued pursuant to RCW Chapter 70.128, to more than one but not more than four adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services; except that a maximum of six adults may be permitted if the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services determines that the home and the provider are capable of meeting standards and qualifications provided for by RCW Chapter 70.128.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adult Motel. A hotel, motel, or similar commercial establishment which:

1. Offers sleeping accommodations to the public for any form of consideration and provides patrons with closed-circuit television transmissions, films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides, or other visual representations that are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any specified sexual activities or any specified anatomical areas, and that has a sign visible from the public right-of-way that advertises the availability of this type of sexually oriented materials; or 

2. Offers a sleeping room for rent for a rental fee period of time that is less than 10 hours; or 

3. Allows a tenant or occupant of a sleeping room to sub-rent the room for a period of time that is less than 10 hours.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adult Motion Picture Theater. An enclosed commercial establishment where, for any form of consideration, motion pictures, films, video cassettes, slides, or other similar visual media are regularly shown that are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any specified sexual activities or any specified anatomical areas.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adult Retail Store. A commercial establishment, such as a bookstore, video store, or novelty shop, which as its principal business purpose offers for sale or rent, for any form of consideration, any one or more of the following:

1. Books, magazines, periodicals or other printed materials, or photographs, films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides, or other visual representations that are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any specified sexual activities or any specified anatomical areas; or 

2. Instruments, devices, or paraphernalia designed for use in connection with any specified sexual activities. For the purpose of this definition, the term “principal business purpose” shall mean the business purpose that constitutes 50 percent or more of the stock in trade of a particular business establishment. The stock in trade of a particular business establishment shall be determined by examining either: 

a. the retail dollar value of all sexually oriented materials compared to the retail dollar value of all nonsexually oriented materials readily available for purchase, rental, view, or use by patrons of the establishment, excluding inventory located in any portion of the premises not regularly open to patrons; or

b. the total volume of shelf space and display area reserved for sexually oriented materials compared to the total volume of shelf space and display area reserved for nonsexually oriented materials.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Adult Sauna Parlor. A commercial sauna parlor which excludes any person by virtue of age from all or any portion of the premises.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Advanced Technology. See Professional Services.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Advertise. To give information about the type, product line, quality, or price of goods or services offered.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Advertising Copy. Any words, numbers, letters, figures, symbols, logos, trademarks, graphics, and/or written copy that promotes or identifies the sign user or any product or service that provides information about the sign user, the building or the products or services available.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Affordable Housing Unit. Housing reserved for occupancy by eligible households and affordable to households whose annual income does not exceed 80 percent of area median income, adjusted for household size, and no more than 30 percent of the monthly household income is paid for monthly housing expenses. (Housing expenses for ownership housing include mortgage and mortgage insurance, property taxes, property insurance, and homeowner dues. Housing expenses for rental housing include rent and appropriate utility allowance.) (Ord. 3028)

Effective on: 2/27/2021

Air Transportation. The provision of scheduled and nonscheduled air transportation for passengers or freight.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Alley. A vehicular passageway through the middle of a block providing access to the rear of lots or buildings.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Alphanumeric Building Identification Signage. Letters or numerals or a combination of both that provide building identification and contain no advertising copy (for example, an address or suite number).

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Alter/Alteration. Any construction or remodeling which modifies all or part of the original site, object, or structure either in appearance or by substitution of original materials with new material. This shall include both exterior and interior construction or change to properties. Alteration includes but is not limited to changing paint color or topographic features; removal or substitution of fences, railings, landscaping, or ornamentations; or additions or substitutions of windows, window frames, doors, doorframes, and signs.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Alteration, Nonconforming Structure. Any change or rearrangement in the foundation or supporting members of an existing nonconforming structure, such as bearing walls, columns, beams, or girders, as well as any change in the means of ingress or egress (except to accommodate persons with disabilities).

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Alteration, Sign. Any change of copy, sign face, color, size, shape, illumination, position, location, construction, or supporting structure of any sign.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Amateur Radio Tower. A tower with antenna(s) which transmit and receive noncommercial communication signals, and is defined as an amateur radio tower by the Federal Communications Commission. Guy wires for amateur radio antenna(s) are considered part of the structure for the purposes of meeting development standards.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Ambulatory or Outpatient Services. The furnishing of health care services directly to patients without providing inpatient services. Establishments providing ambulatory or outpatient services include, but are not limited to, clinics (e.g., physician offices, dentists, chiropractors, optometrists, etc.), family planning and outpatient care centers, medical and diagnostic laboratories, medical diagnostic and short-term treatment facilities where treatment lasts less than 24 hours are permitted, and blood and organ banks.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Amended Soils. Amended soils are an integrated stormwater management practice that improves the hydrologic function of soils by amending native soils with organic matter during the development process. For technical information regarding the design and engineering of amended soils, applicants may refer to the Department of Ecology Stormwater Manual Sections 10.5.5.3 and 10.5.5. This term is also commonly known as compost-amended soils.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Amusement or Theme Park Establishment. An establishment that operates attractions, such as mechanical rides, water rides, games, shows, theme exhibits, refreshment stands, and picnic grounds.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Amusement, Sports, or Recreation Establishment. An establishment that operates facilities offering activities (i.e., sports, recreation, or amusement) and that provides services, such as facilitating amusement in places operated by others or operating recreational sports groups. This definition includes games arcades, miniature golf establishments, marinas or yacht clubs, fitness and athletic clubs, bowling alleys, billiard rooms, skating rinks, and other similar facilities. This definition does not include golf courses and amusement or theme park establishments, which are separately defined in this Code.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Anadromous Fish. Fish that spawn and rear in freshwater and mature in the marine environment.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Animal Kennel/Shelter. A kennel or shelter shall be any outdoor or indoor facility, which houses four or more small domestic animals (that number not including one unweaned litter) for periods longer than 24 hours as a commercial venture, as a nonprofit organization, or for a governmental purpose. The facility may either be a separate business or an accessory use.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Animal Production. The day-to-day management, housing, raising, boarding, training, or showing of livestock, dairy, or fowl for commercial purposes. Feedlots and slaughterhouses are specifically excluded from this definition. (Ord. 2639)

Effective on: 12/17/2011

Animated Sign. Any sign with scrolling copy or illustrations, flashing or blinking lights, any showing of motion or the illusion of motion, or that revolves, rotates, or turns.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Antenna(s). Means an apparatus designed for the purpose of emitting radiofrequency (RF) radiation, to be operated or operating from a fixed location pursuant to FCC authorization, for the provision of personal wireless service and any commingled information services. For purposes of this definition, the term antenna does not include an unintentional radiator, mobile station, or device authorized under Part 15 of Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Types of antenna(s) include, but are not limited to:

1. Directional (or “panel”) antenna(s) transmits and receives radio frequency signals in a specific directional pattern of less than 360 degrees.

2. Parabolic antenna(s) (or “dish”) antenna(s) is a bowl-shaped device for the reception and/or transmission of communications signals in a specific directional pattern.

3. Omnidirectional (or “whip”) antenna(s) transmits and receives radio frequency signals in a 360-degree radial pattern. For the purpose of this document, an omnidirectional antenna(s) is up to 15 feet in height and up to six inches in diameter. (Ord. 2964)

Effective on: 4/27/2019

Antenna Array. A single or group of antenna elements and associated mounting hardware, feed lines, or other appurtenances that may share a common attachment device such as a mounting frame or mounting support structure for the sole purpose of transmitting or receiving electromagnetic waves.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Antenna Support Structure. A vertical projection composed of metal or other material with a foundation that is designed for the express purpose of accommodating antennas at a desired height. Types of support structures include the following:

1. Guyed antenna support structure - a style of antenna support structure consisting of a single truss assembly composed of sections with bracing incorporated. The sections are attached to each other and the assembly is attached to a foundation and supported by a series of wires that are connected to anchors placed in the ground or on a building

2. Lattice antenna support structure - a tapered style of antenna support structure that consists of vertical and horizontal supports with multiple legs and cross-bracing and metal crossed strips or bars to support antennas

3. Monopole antenna support structure - a style of antenna support structure consisting of a single shaft usually composed of two or more hollow sections that are in turn attached to a foundation. This type of antenna support structure is designed to support itself without the use of guy wires or other stabilization devices. These facilities are mounted to a foundation that rests on or in the ground. These facilities may also include flagpoles, slimline poles, monopines or new utility poles and new miscellaneous poles. (Ord. 2919)

Effective on: 4/14/2018

Applicant. The person, party, firm, corporation, or other entity that proposes any activity that could affect a critical area.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Appurtenance. For the purposes of the Shoreline Master Program, uses typically associated with single-family residences, such as a garage, deck, driveway, utilities, fences, installation of a septic tank and drain field, and grading which does not exceed 250 cubic yards and which does not involve placement of fill in any wetland or waterward of the ordinary high water mark. An appurtenance is necessarily connected to the use and enjoyment of a single-family residence and is located landward of the ordinary high water mark and the perimeter of a wetland. (SMP)

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Aquaculture. The cultivation of fish, shellfish, and/or other aquatic animals or plants, including the incidental preparation of these products for human use. (SMP)

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Aquatic. Those areas waterward of the ordinary high water mark. (SMP)

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Aquifer. A body of soil or rock that contains sufficient saturated material to conduct groundwater and yield useable quantities of groundwater to springs and wells.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Aquifer Recharge Area. Areas where water infiltrates into the subsurface and travels downward through the soil to a ground water aquifer.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Archeological Feature. A human modification of the landscape or a concentration of artifacts that reflects human use or activity that is at least 50 years old.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Archeological Resource. Any material remains or physical evidence of past human life or activities which are of archaeological interest, including the record of the effects of human activities on the environment.  Archaeological object or resource is an object that comprises the physical evidence of an indigenous and subsequent cultural including material remains of past human life including monuments, symbols, tools, facilities, and technological by-products.  Indian or aboriginal burials, campsites, dwellings, and habitation sites, including rock shelters and caves, their artifacts and implements of culture such as projectile points, arrowheads, skeletal remains, grave goods, basketry, pestles, mauls and grinding stones, knives, scrapers, rock carvings and paintings, and other implements and artifacts of any material that are located in, on, or under the surface of any lands or waters owned by or under the possession, custody, or control of the state of Washington or any county, city, or political subdivision of the state are defined as archaeological resources. (Ord. 2982)

Effective on: 1/2/2020

Area Median Income (AMI) (or King County Area Median Income, or Median Income). The median income for the Seattle-Bellevue, WA, HUD Metro Fair Market Rent (FMR) Area as most recently determined by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (the “Secretary”) under Section 8(f)(3) of the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended. In the event that HUD no longer publishes median income figures for King County, the City may use or determine such other method as it may choose to determine the area median income, adjusted for household size. Also referred to as the “King County area median income” and “Median Income.” (Ord. 3028)

Effective on: 2/27/2021

Area, Waterfront Lot. The area landward of the line of ordinary high water mark on Lake Sammamish, regardless of the extent of ownership; or the area landward of the ordinary high water mark along streams.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Arterial. A right-of-way that serves as a distributor of traffic. Arterials are delineated as principal and minor depending upon intensity of use. Principal arterials, for example, connect major activity areas and move traffic from community to community. (SMP)

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Articulation. Articulation is the giving of emphasis to architectural elements (like windows, balconies, entries, etc.) that create a complimentary pattern or rhythm, dividing the large buildings into smaller identifiable pieces.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Artifact. Any object made or modified by human activity, having cultural significance. (Ord. 2982)

Effective on: 1/2/2020

Artificially Created Wetland. Wetlands created from non-wetland sites through purposeful, legally authorized human action, such as irrigation and drainage ditches, grass-lined swales, canals, detention facilities, wastewater treatment facilities, farm ponds, and landscape amenities.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation. An establishment that provides facilities or services for cultural, recreational, and entertainment uses, including but not limited to, performing arts establishments, theaters, museums, arcades, and marinas, but specifically excluding adult entertainment facilities.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Associations, Nonprofit Organizations, Etc. Civic, professional, social, trade, and other similar organizations. This definition includes labor organizations, political organizations, business associations, and professional membership organizations, and civic, social, and fraternal organizations.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Athletic Club or Fitness Center. An establishment that operates fitness and recreational sports facilities, such as weight training facilities, aerobic exercise rooms, handball and squash courts, and similar indoor facilities.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Athletic, Sports, or Play Fields. Parks or similar recreation areas designed especially for organized sports or play, such as soccer, football, or baseball/softball fields. (Ord. 2652)

Effective on: 4/28/2012

Attached Dwelling Units. Two to four dwelling units with common or party walls on one or two sides but with separate front and/or rear access.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Automobile Parking Facilities. Surface lots or structures designed and built for the parking of motor vehicles.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Automobile Sales, Rental, or Service Establishment. An establishment engaging in the retail sale, rental, or lease of new or used vehicles, or in the retail sale, rental, or lease of vehicles in combination with repair and maintenance services and the sale of replacement parts and accessories. This definition includes the sale, rental, lease, or service of cars, trucks, truck tractors, semi-trailers, buses, mobile homes, utility trailers, recreational vehicles (RVs), bicycles, motorcycles, all terrain vehicles (ATVs), boats, personal watercraft, outboard motors, boat trailers, aircraft, railroad cars, and similar vehicles.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Average Grade Level. The average of the natural or existing topography of the portion of the lot, parcel, or tract of real property which will be directly under the proposed building or structure. In the case of structures to be built over water, average grade level shall be the elevation of the ordinary high water mark. Calculation of the average grade level shall be made by averaging the ground elevations at the midpoint of all exterior walls of the proposed building or structure. (SMP)

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Average Gross Floor Area. The gross floor area of a building divided by the number of floors.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Awning Sign. A temporary or permanent roof-like protective covering constructed of metal or wood or other material supported by a rigid material extending from all or a portion of a building, such as a door, entrance, window, or outdoor service area, and supported entirely or in part by the exterior wall of the building. A sign on an awning shall be considered to be a wall sign.

Effective on: 4/16/2011