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Cabinet Sign (Can Sign). A sign that contains all the text and/or logo symbols within a single enclosed cabinet.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Cafeteria or Limited Service Restaurant. An establishment that provides food services, where patrons order or select items and pay before eating, and where food and drink may be consumed on premises, taken out, or delivered to customers’ location. This definition includes establishments where specialty snacks, such as ice cream, frozen yogurt, cookies, or popcorn, or nonalcoholic beverages, such as coffee, juices, or sodas, are served.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Caliper. American Nursery and Landscape Association standard for measurement of trunk size of nursery stock.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Candidate Species. Fish and wildlife species that the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife will review for possible listing as endangered, threatened, or sensitive.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Car-Sharing Vehicle. A “car-sharing vehicle” is a vehicle maintained and owned or leased by a car-sharing organization and which is available for use by its members. A “car-sharing vehicleshall be no more than 18 feet in length and shall bear a decal or other mark that identifies the car-sharing organization and is securely affixed to the exterior of the vehicle.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Caretaker Residence. A detached dwelling unit occupied by a person whose responsibility it is to watch over a manufacturing or wholesale trade site in order to reduce or prevent loss of life or property.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Caterer. An establishment that provides single event-based food services, either at off-premises sites or in banquet halls with catering staff.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Cathodic Protection Well. A cased or uncased borehole constructed for the purpose of installing equipment or facilities for the electrical protection of metallic equipment in contact with the ground. Cathodic protection wells are also known as anode wells.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Certificate of Concurrency. A written document prepared by the Administrator stating that a particular development meets the concurrency requirements of RZC 21.52.010, Transportation Concurrency.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Certification. A professional, written engineering or geological opinion concerning the design, progress, or completion of the work.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Certified Arborist. A person or firm with specialized knowledge of the horticultural requirements of trees, certified by the International Society of Arboriculture or the National Arborist Association.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Changing Message Signs. Lighted or electronically controlled signs that contain messages, such as the date, time, temperature, or commercial messages, and change within intervals of one minute or less.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Channel Letters. Three-dimensional, individually cut letters or figures affixed to a structure.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Channel Migration Zone. The area along a river within which the channel(s) can be reasonably predicted to migrate over time as a result of natural and normally occurring hydrological and related processes when considered with the characteristics of the river and its surroundings. (SMP)

Effective on: 4/16/2011

City. The City of Redmond, Washington.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Clearing - Critical Areas. For the purposes of administering, RZC 21.64, Critical Areas Regulations, “clearing” is the removal of timber, brush, grass, ground cover or other vegetative matter from a site which exposes the earth’s surface of the site or any actions which disturb the existing ground surface.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Closed Record Appeal. An administrative appeal on the record to the City Council or Hearing Examiner, following an open record hearing on a project permit application when the appeal is on the record with no or limited new evidence or information allowed to be submitted and only appeal argument allowed.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Clustered Node. A cluster of up to three residential structures containing no more than five dwelling units that share vehicular access.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Collective Garden. A facility, use, or location at which qualifying patients grow, produce, process, transport, or deliver marijuana for medical use, as described in RCW 69.51A.085. (Ord. 2744)

Effective on: 6/28/2014

Colleges and Universities. Establishments furnishing academic or technical courses and that grant degrees, certificates, or diplomas in associate, baccalaureate, or graduate levels. This includes accessory uses such as cafeterias and dormitories. (Ord. 2803)

Effective on: 10/17/2015

Collocation. Includes the (1) mounting or installing an antenna facility on a pre-existing structure, and/or (2) modification of a structure for the purpose of mounting or installing an antenna facility on that structure. Provided that, for purposes of Eligible Facilities Requests, “collocation” means the mounting or installation of transmission equipment on an eligible support structure for the purpose of transmitting and/or receiving radio frequency signals for communications purposes. (Ord. 2919; Ord. 2964)

Effective on: 4/27/2019

Color. Described in terms of hue, value, and intensity. Hue refers to the identity of a color: red, blue, yellow, etc. Value is the lightness or darkness of a color, and intensity is the relative strength and purity of a color.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Commercial Sign. A sign containing expression related to the economic interests of the advertiser and its audience or a sign proposing a commercial transaction.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Commercial Swimming Pool. An indoor or outdoor swimming pool operated for commercial purposes. (Ord. 2652)

Effective on: 4/28/2012

Commercial Vehicle. A motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles used in commerce to transport passengers or property if the motor vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or more; or is designed to transport sixteen or more passengers, including the driver; or is used in the transportation of hazardous materials; or is a school bus regardless of weight or size; or is a vehicle used in a business, including a home business or home occupation.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Commercial Vessel. A vessel used primarily for commercial charter fishing.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Communications and Information. The production or distribution of information. This definition includes the publishing of newspapers, books, magazines, and software; the production and distribution of motion pictures and sound recordings; the broadcasting of radio and television programming; the provision of wireless and wired telephone and other telecommunications service; the provision of information services, data processing, and online information service, the provision of library or archive services; and the operation of news syndicates. This definition excludes large satellite dishes, amateur radio towers/antenna(s), antenna arrays, base stations, or antenna support structures.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Community Center. An enclosed structure open to the general public that is owned and operated by the City of Redmond or another public agency, and that is used predominantly for cultural, educational, recreational, or social purposes.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Community Indoor Recreation. A non-commercial indoor recreation establishment operated for the benefit of a community. Examples include community clubhouses and indoor swimming pools. (Ord. 2652)

Effective on: 4/28/2012

Compaction. The densification of earth material by mechanical means, intended or otherwise.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Compensatory Storage. Any new, excavated storage volume equivalent to any flood storage capacity which has been or would be eliminated by filling or grading within the floodplain.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Complex. A building or group of buildings on one or more parcels managed by a single entity or property management.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Comprehensive Plan. The long-range plan used as a guide for the physical, economic, and social development of Redmond.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Concomitant Agreement. An agreement recorded against the title of a parcel of land under which a property owner binds the property to certain terms and conditions in exchange for development approval.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Concurrency, Transportation. A requirement of the 1990 Growth Management Act (RCW 36.70A.070(6)) that the City must enforce an ordinance precluding development approval if a development would cause the transportation LOS to fall below the City’s adopted LOS standard, unless revenues are secured to complete mitigating transportation improvements or strategies within six years. If a development fails to meet the concurrency test, supplemental mitigation in the form of transportation improvements or strategies will be required to accommodate the impacts of the development and allow it to achieve concurrency. Transportation Demand Management (TDM) and other mobility strategies may be used.

Maintaining transportation concurrency means implementing transportation improvements in proportion to the level of new development as required by Comprehensive Plan Transportation Policy TR-3 and regulations in RZC 21.52, Transportation Standards.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Conservation Easement, TDR. A granting of a property right stipulating that lands within the transfer of development rights sending areas will be limited to the uses and intensities allowed by the transfer of development rights program to remain in a preserved state to facilitate only agriculture, recreational uses, or fish and wildlife habitats. The sending property owner is the grantor, and the City of Redmond is the grantee.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Construction. See RMC Chapter 6.36, Noise Standards.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Construction-Related Businesses. Businesses that build or demolish buildings or structures, or that perform additions, alterations, reconstruction, installation, and repairs.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Construction Sign. A sign on the site of a construction project that identifies the project, its character, or its purpose, and that serves to promote pedestrian and vehicular safety by notifying the public that construction is taking place on the site.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Consultation. A discussion, conference, or forum in which advice or information is sought or given, or information or ideas are exchanged, and where feasible, participants strive to reach agreement regarding matters arising in the process. Consultation generally takes place on an informal basis and formal consultation requirements for compliance with section 106 of NHPA are published in 36 CFR Part 800.  Consultation with recognized tribes is done on a government-to-government basis. (Ord. 2982)

Effective on: 1/2/2020

Consumer Goods, Other. The retail sale, rental, or lease of merchandise not covered by other definitions in this Code, or the retail sale of such merchandise in combination with repair and maintenance service, and the sale of replacement parts and accessories. This definition includes florists, art dealers and art supply stores, and sales of similar goods.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Convenience Store/Use. An establishment primarily engaging in the retail sale of a limited line of goods, such as milk, bread, soda, or snacks, or in the provision of a limited number of personal services, such as dry cleaning or shoe repair.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Core Preservation Area. Those areas that protect habitat and that are preserved through any of the regulatory mechanisms provided in this Zoning Code, including Native Growth Protection Areas, Class I streams and their buffers, Class II through IV streams, and other areas similarly protected. Core Preservation Areas may also include lands where development rights have been sold and some lands with recorded open space easements, depending on the purpose of the easement. These areas include wetlands and streams and their associated buffers as they become identified at a site-specific level.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Corporate Headquarters and Regional Offices. Businesses whose primary headquarters are in the Seattle-metropolitan area or Northwest region, housing the administrative and management functions of a company, including administrative services, personnel and management functions. This facility acts as the central services for subregional offices, branches, retail, and distribution outlets of the company.

Effective on: 6/18/2018

Correctional Institutions. Government establishments that manage and operate jails, prisons, and other similar institutions for the confinement, correction, and rehabilitation of offenders. This definition includes jails, prisons, and other similar institutions managed and operated by nongovernmental entities under contract with the government.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Cottage. A cottage is a small, detached dwelling unit, not greater than 1,000 square feet in total floor area that is developed at a density greater than the underlying zone. More than one cottage may occupy a single lot.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Cottage Housing Development. A cottage housing development is detached single-family housing in a cluster of four to 12 dwelling units around a central open space and has the following characteristics:

1. Each unit is of a size and function suitable for a single person or very small family

2. Each unit has the construction characteristics of a single-family house; 

3. Units may be located on platted lots or as units in a condominium and may share use of common facilities, such as a party room, tool shed, garden orchard, workshop or parking areas; 

4. The site is designed with a coherent concept in mind, including shared functional open space, off-street parking, access within the site and from the site, and consistent landscaping.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Courier and Messenger Services. The provision of air, surface, or combined courier delivery services of parcels and messages within or between metropolitan areas or urban centers.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Creation of Critical Areas. The purposeful and legally authorized or accidental producing or forming of a wetland or stream from an upland (non-wetland or dry) site through artificial means. For wetlands, the manipulation of the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics present to develop a wetland on an upland site where a wetland did not previously exist. Establishment results in a gain in wetland acres. Activities typically involve excavation of upland soils to elevations that will produce a wetland hydroperiod, create hydric soils, and support the growth of hydrophytic plant species. (Ord. 2803)

Effective on: 10/17/2015

Cremation Services and Cemeteries. The operation of sites or structures reserved for the interment of human or animal remains, or for cremating the dead.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Critical Aquifer Recharge Areas. Areas, defined under the provisions of the Growth Management Act (RCW Chapter 36.70A), as areas with a critical recharging effect on aquifers used for potable water. (Ord. 2957)

Effective on: 4/27/2019

Critical Areas. Critical areas include any of the following areas or ecosystems: fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas, wetlands, frequently flooded areas, critical aquifer recharge areas, and geologically hazardous areas, as defined in RCW Chapter 36.70A and RZC 21.64, Critical Areas Regulations.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Critical Facilities. Those facilities necessary to protect the public health, safety, and general welfare which are defined in IBC Table 1604.5 (2003), Categories III and IV. These facilities include, but are not limited to, schools, hospitals, police stations, fire departments and other emergency response facilities, and nursing homes. Critical facilities also include sites of hazardous waste materials and storage.

Effective on: 4/16/2011

Crop Production. The growing and harvesting of crops, such as grains, vegetables, fruits, trees, flowers, and other ornamental horticulture.  Crop production does not include marijuana production. (Ord. 2744)

Effective on: 6/28/2014

CU-Structural Soil™. CU-Structural Soil™ (U.S. Patent No. 5,849,069) is a two-part system comprised of a rigid stone “lattice” to meet engineering requirements for a load-bearing soil, and a quantity of soil, to meet tree requirements for root growth. (Ord. 3028)

Effective on: 2/27/2021

Cultural Resource. An aspect of a cultural system that is valued by or significantly representative of a culture, or that contains significant information about a culture.  A cultural resource may be a tangible entity or a cultural practice.  Tangible cultural resources are categorized as districts, sites, building, structures, and objects for the National Register of Historic Places. (Ord. 2982)

Effective on: 1/2/2020