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A. All Wireless Communication Facilities shall be installed and operated in accordance with the regulations of the Federal Communications Commission and in compliance with the development standards set forth in the following subsections.

1. Large Satellite Dish Antenna(s):

a. Shall not be located within front or side yard building setback areas. Shall be located outside of any required landscaped area and preferably located in service areas or other less visible locations.

b. Ground mounted and roof mounted antennas are allowed in all zones except for Urban Recreation (UR) zones and Residential (R) zones where only ground mounted antennas are allowed. Ground mounted antennas shall not exceed 12 feet in diameter and 15 feet in height, including their bases measured from existing grade. Roof mounted antennas shall not exceed 12 feet in diameter and 15 feet in height, including their bases measured from the roof line.

c. Mountings and satellite dishes shall be no taller than the minimum required for obtaining an obstruction‐free reception window.

d. Construction plans and final construction of the mounting bases of all large satellite dish antenna(s) shall be approved by the City’s Building Division.

2. Amateur Radio Towers:

a. Towers in all zones shall not be located within any easements, front, side, or rear yard building setback areas. Shall be located at a point farthest from lot lines as feasible, or the point farthest from residential structures on abutting properties. Towers located in Semi‐Rural (RA‐5) zone, UR, and Bear Creek Design District 2 (BCDD2) zone shall be located in the yard of the residence and avoid using land
that is available for crops, pasturage, or other agricultural activities.

b. Ground mounted and roof mounted antennas are allowed in all zones. Ground mounted towers shall not exceed 65 feet in height unless a proposal demonstrates that physical obstructions impair the adequate use of the tower. Telescoping towers may exceed the 65‐foot height limit only when extended and operating.

c. The combined structure of a roof‐mounted tower and antenna(s) shall not exceed a height of 25 feet above the existing roof line. Within the shoreline jurisdiction, the height limit for ground‐mounted and roof mounted towers and antennas, inclusive of building height, is 50 feet (SMP). Screening shall be restricted to a height limit of no more than 15 feet above the existing or proposed roof.

d. Mountings and Amateur Radio Towers shall be no taller than the minimum required for the purposes of obtaining an obstruction‐free reception window.

e. Construction plans and final construction of the mounting bases of amateur radio towers covered by this section shall meet the structural design requirements of this section and shall be approved by the City’s Building Division.

f. Applications shall document that the proposed tower and any mounting bases are designed to withstand wind and seismic loads as established by the International Building Code.

3. Macro Cell Facilities and Small Cell Facilities located on Structure Mounted Facilities and associated Equipment Enclosures:

a. Macro cell facilities and small cell facilities shall be structure mounted only (rooftop or facade) under this subsection. Standalone ground mounted facilities are not allowed and associated equipment enclosures may be roof or ground mounted. Ground mounted equipment enclosures shall not be located within public rights‐of‐way and shall not be permitted in any public easements or building setback areas.

b. Associated above‐ground equipment enclosures for macro cell facilities shall be minimized, and shall not exceed 240 square feet (e.g., 12 by 20 feet) unless operators can demonstrate that more space is needed.

c. Associated above‐ground equipment enclosures for small cell facilities shall be minimized, and shall not exceed a footprint of 16 square feet (e.g., 4 by 4 feet) unless operators can demonstrate that more space is needed.

d. Where an antenna is to be mounted on the roof of a building, the combined antenna(s) and all associated equipment and required screening shall not extend more than 15 feet above the existing or proposed roof structure. Attachment to residential structures are not permitted in any residential zoning district other than R‐20 and
R‐30.

4. New Antenna Support Structures for Small Cell Facilities and Macro Cell Facilities and associated Equipment Enclosures:

a. New antenna support structures shall be ground mounted only and shall not be located in any setback areas on private and public property.

b. In all zones except for UR and R zones, the combined height inclusive of antennas shall not exceed 85 feet, except when collocation is specifically provided for, then the new antenna support structure shall not exceed 100 feet. New antenna support structures located within public rights‐of‐way shall be limited to 50 feet in height inclusive of antennas.

c. In UR and R zones, the combined height inclusive of antenna(s) shall not extend more than 15 feet above the maximum height of the zone for which it is proposed to a maximum of 60 feet. A height increase of 15 feet may be allowed by the Administrator when collocation is specifically provided. New antenna support structures located within public rights‐of‐way shall be limited to the maximum height allowed in the underlying zone.

d. Ground mounted equipment enclosures outside the public rights‐of‐way shall not exceed a footprint of 240 square feet (e.g., 12 by 20 feet) for macro cell facilities and 16 square feet (e.g., 4 by 4 feet) small cell facilities unless operators can demonstrate that more space is needed.

e. Pole mounted equipment enclosures, unified camouflage designs and associated transmission equipment (excluding antennas but including all conduit), and all other wireless equipment associated with the antennas and any pre-existing associated equipment on the pole shall be of the minimum size possible and shall not exceed 28 cubic feet.

f. Placement of a new antenna support structure shall be denied unless the applicant can demonstrate through an alternative site analysis or other supporting documentation that other existing WCF sites and the siting hierarchy per RZC 21.56.030(C) or (D) were considered and are either not technically feasible or available.

g. Special Exceptions per RZC 21.56.060 apply to locate a new Antenna Support Structure in UR, RA‐5, R‐1, R‐2, R‐3, R‐4, R‐5 & R‐6 zones or within shoreline areas of the City or to exceed height limits in any zone.

5. Small Cell Facilities attached to existing and replacement Utility Poles (excluding Light Poles) and Miscellaneous Poles:

a. Antennas and pole‐top extenders to the extent allowed by RZC 21.56.050 shall not extend more than 15’ above the top of pole or electrical lines, if any. Additional height may be allowed to meet the pole owner’s separation requirements. Antenna canisters or shrouds on top of a utility pole shall not exceed sixteen (16) inches in diameter or three (3) inches outside the diameter of the existing/replacement pole whichever is greater measured at the top of the pole. Pole‐top antenna canisters or shrouded panel antennas on miscellaneous poles shall not exceed more than three (3) inches outside the diameter of the existing/replacement pole measured at the top of the pole. An increase in diameter may be allowed for pole‐top antennas if compatible with the pole
design.

b. Distribution utility poles shall be limited to a maximum height of 50 feet inclusive of antennas measured above grade unless additional height is required by the pole owner.

c. Transmission utility poles shall be limited to a maximum height extension of 15 feet unless additional height is required by the pole owner.

d. Miscellaneous poles shall be limited to a maximum height of 35 feet.

e. When additional height is required to meet separation requirements of the pole owner, the applicant shall be required to submit a letter from the pole owner specifying the height required for antennas attached to the top of pole or the height required for the pole.

f. Replacement poles shall be limited to a 25% increase in diameter measured from the base of the existing pole to accommodate conduit routed through the inside of the pole or to allow the placement of equipment enclosures in the base of the pole. A minimal increase above the 25% limit may be allowed to accommodate more equipment inside the pole. Any increase in diameter is subject to meeting ADA requirements, sight distance triangles, sidewalk clearance requirements and other applicable requirements.

g. Replacement poles shall be located within five (5) feet of the existing pole and shall be placed in a location that meets all applicable City standards.

h. Ground mounted equipment enclosures are not permitted in public rights‐of‐way except for pole mounted equipment or when incorporated into street furniture (including but not limited to mailboxes, garbage cans and benches and other similar features), the base of a pole or other similar concealment techniques.

i. Pole mounted equipment enclosures, unified camouflage designs and associated transmission equipment (excluding antennas but including all conduit), and all other wireless equipment associated with the antennas and any pre-existing associated equipment on the pole (excluding antennas) shall be of the minimum size possible and shall not exceed 28 cubic feet for equipment on utility poles and 3 cubic feet for equipment on miscellaneous poles.

j. Vertical clearance shall be reviewed by the Public Works Department and verified by the underlying utility owner to ensure that structures will not pose a hazard to other users of the right‐of‐way.

6. Small Cell Facility attached to existing, replacement and new Light Poles:

a. Antennas on top of the light pole are not to extend more than six (6) feet above the height of the existing pole and shall be equal to the diameter of the existing/replacement pole. An increase in diameter for pole‐top canister antennas or shrouded panel antennas may be allowed if compatible with the pole design when the applicant demonstrates it is the minimum diameter necessary to meet technical requirements. Antennas may extend beyond six (6) feet up to a maximum of ten (10) feet if the applicant can demonstrate that more space is needed.

b. Replacement poles shall be limited to a 25% increase in diameter measured from the base of the existing pole to accommodate conduit routed through the inside of the pole or to allow the placement of equipment enclosures in the base of the pole. A minimal increase above the 25% limit may be allowed to accommodate more equipment inside the pole. Any increase in diameter is subject to meeting ADA requirements, sight distance triangles, sidewalk clearance requirements and other applicable requirements.

c. Replacement poles shall be located within five (5) feet of the existing pole and shall be placed in a location that meets all applicable City standards.

d. New light poles are allowed when determined necessary through a lighting analysis and when illumination design standards and pole standards are met. New light poles shall be the same height as other nearby light poles of the same pole design. A minimal increase in diameter may be allowed to accommodate conduit routed through the inside of the pole or to allow the placement of equipment enclosures in the base of the pole subject to meeting ADA requirements, sight‐distance triangle and other applicable requirements.

e. Pole mounted equipment enclosures, unified camouflage designs and associated transmission equipment (excluding antennas but including conduit), and all other wireless equipment associated with the antennas and any pre-existing associated equipment on the pole, shall be of the minimum size possible and shall not exceed 28 cubic feet for enclosures.

f. Ground mounted equipment enclosures outside public rights‐of‐way shall not exceed a footprint of 16 square feet (e.g., 4 by 4 feet) for Small Cell Facilities unless applicants can demonstrate that more space is needed.

g. Ground mounted equipment enclsoures are not permitted in public rights-of-way except for pole mounted equipment or when incorporated into street furniture (including but not limited to mailboxes, garbage cans and benches and other simmilar features), the base of a pole or other similar concealment techniques.

h. Small Cell Facilities are prohibited on all traffic signal poles.

i. Vertical clearance shall be reviewed by the Public Works Department and verified by the underlying utility owner to ensure that the structures will not pose a hazard to other users of the right‐of‐way.

7. Macro Cell Facility attached to existing and replacement Utility Poles:

a. Antennas shall not extend more than 20 feet above the top of the pole or electrical lines, if any. Additional height may be allowed to meet the pole owner’s separation requirements. An increase in diameter for pole‐top canister antennas or shrouded panel antennas may be allowed if compatible with the pole design when the applicant demonstrates it is the minimum diameter necessary to meet technical requirements.

b. Distribution utility poles shall be limited to a maximum height of 50 feet inclusive of antennas measured above grade unless the existing pole is taller or unless additional height is required by the pole owner.

c. Transmission utility poles shall be limited to a maximum height extension of 15 feet. A maximum height of 100 feet inclusive of antennas may be allowed if required by the pole owner or as required to match the height of the existing pole.

d. When additional height is required to meet separation requirements of the pole owner, the applicant shall be required to submit a letter from the pole owner specifying the height required for antennas attached to the top of pole or the height required for the pole.

e. Pole mounted equipment enclosures, unified camouflauge designs and associated transmission equipment (excluding antennas but including conduit), and all other wireless equipment associated with the antennas and any pre-existing associated equipment on the pole shall be of the minimum size possible and shall not exceed 28 cubic feet for enclosures.

f. Ground mounted equipment enclosures outside public rights‐of‐way shall not exceed a footprint of 240 square feet (e.g., 12 by 20 feet) unless operators can demonstrate that more space is needed. Ground mounted equipment enclosures for macro cell facilities are not permitted within the rights-of-way, unless in an underground vault.

g. Replacement poles shall be located within five (5) feet of the existing pole and shall be placed in a location that meets all applicable City standards.

h. Macro cell facilities are prohibited on utility poles along Leary Way, Cleveland Street, Gilman Street, Bear Creek Parkway and 152nd Avenue NE between NE 20th and NE 31st Streets.

B. Macro Cell Facilities are prohibited on all light poles, miscellaneous poles and traffic signal poles in all public rights‐of‐way. Macro cell facilities are prohibited on utility poles along Leary Way, Cleveland Street, Gilman Street, Bear Creek Parkway and 152nd Avenue NE between NE 20th and NE 31st Streets.

C. No Wireless Communication Facility shall be used for the purposes of signage or message display of any kind, other than signage required by FCC regulations, or as specifically approved as stealth concealment.

D. Rooftop antenna(s) and all associated rooftop equipment shall be restricted to a height limit of no more than 15 feet above the existing or proposed roof unless otherwise specified.

E. A professional engineer licensed by the State of Washington shall certify in writing, over his or her seal, that both construction plans and final construction of the WCF are designed to withstand wind and seismic loads as established by the International Building Code. (Ord. 2652; Ord. 2919; Ord. 2964)

Effective on: 4/27/2019